Extra virgin olive oil, like statins, promotes lipid lowering in people with diabetes who have dyslipidemia.
Diabetes mellitus is a worldwide metabolic disorder that is caused by insulin deficiency. It often causes abnormalities in carbohydrate, lipid, and protein metabolism. Dyslipidemia consists of elevated triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and a decreased level of high-density lipoproteins (HDL). This alteration in lipid levels can lead to various microvascular diseases such as retinopathy and neuropathy. Individuals diagnosed with dyslipidemia often have serum cholesterol levels greater than 200mg/dL, serum triglycerides greater than 200mg/dL, LDL levels greater than 130 mg/dL, and HDL levels <40mg/dL in men and <50mg/dL in women. An increase in LDL levels can increase the risk of coronary heart disease whereas an increase in HDL levels lowers this risk. Read more